Pulses are a part of the staple diet of India. It is an important food-type as it has the highest protein content in comparison to the other foods consumed. The pulses that are listed in the commodities exchange are:
There are two types of the Chana pulses:
The desi chana is largely grown in this country. Annually, India is estimated to produce anywhere between 4 to 7 Million tons of chana. The disparity occurs due to weather and seasonal cycles. It is claimed that India accounts for two-thirds of the of the world’s chana production.
Lentil, known as masur in India, is regarded as the oldest of all the legume grains to be plated here. It is highly consumed as it is recommended to be the most nutritious of the pulses family. According to expert estimates India produces approximately 40 Lakh tons of masur, annually, contributing to a staggering 25% of the aggregate world production. However, in spite of this, Canada is the world’s largest masur exporter.
The country’s tur produce ranges between 2.5 to 3 Million tons, every year. However, this is not enough to satisfy the domestic consumption and so the country needs to import anywhere between 4 to 5 Lakh tons of tur, annually.
Urad is one of the most important pulses used in preparing south Indian rice dishes, and also blended into wheat to make the Indian breads consumed with the main meal. Per annum, India is known to produce approximately 1.4 Million tons of urad. Yet, it needs to import about the same amount to meet up to its domestic demand requirements.
In spite of it large scale production of yellow peas, India needs to import this pulse from Canada, Australia, Myanmar and France.